When the LES allows a portion of stomach acid to reverse up into the esophagus, it can lead to acid reflux, or what's commonly known as "heartburn."
An anal fissure is when the thin tissue that serves as the lining of the anus, referred to as mucosa, is torn, often during a large bowel movement.
A lack of enough red blood cells to carry oxygen through the body is anemia; iron deficiency anemia occurs when there is insufficient iron in the body
Barrett's esophagus is a result of GERD and occurs when the tissue lining the esophagus becomes more like the tissue that lines your intestines.
Biliary obstruction occurs when a duct, aiding in digestion, becomes blocked and obstructs bile from moving through the liver to the small intestine.
C. Difficile Colitis
C. difficile colitis occurs when a bacterium (passed through food, contact, or air) invades the body and causes swelling of the intestines.
Celiac disease causes an autoimmune response when eating foods with gluten, like bread and pasta, and may cause damage to the small bowel and more.
Colitis is the swelling of the inner lining of the large bowel and comes in various forms, like microscopic, infectious, and ulcerative colitis.
Colorectal polyps are a mass of cells on the lining of the rectum or colon and should be treated right away as they can lead to cancer.
Colon cancer is a serious yet often preventable gastrointestinal disease that commonly arises from polyps found in the colon (large intestine).
Crohn's disease is an IBD condition affecting any area of the GI tract from the mouth to the anus, and may cause severe pain and irritation.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) can cause incessant vomiting and result from a range of GI issues related to illness, stress, food, and more.
Diverticulitis occurs when a person experiences infection or swelling in the small sacs that form in the lining of the intestine with diverticulosis.
Diverticulosis occurs when tiny pouches in the intestine protrude through the colon's outer wall. It can become diverticulitis if left untreated.
Dysphagia is the inability to swallow or difficulty swallowing and can be caused by nerve damage, inflammation in the esophagus, a blockage, and more.
EoE is an inflammatory disease that occurs when white blood cells called eosinophils accumulate in the esophageal lining and cause swelling.
Esophageal Motility Disorder
Esophageal motility disorder happens when the esophagus fails to contract, causing an inability to deliver food and liquid to your stomach.
Esophagitis describes inflammation present in the esophagus. It can be caused by acid buildup, infections, certain medications, or allergies.
Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease happens when fat forms in the liver cells. It can cause hepatitis, which can advance to scarring and irreparable damage.
Fistulas result from unnatural tunnels forming between two hollow organs in the body. They happen because of disease, inflammation, or injury.
Food intolerance is trouble with breaking down certain foods. It can happen gradually and cause irritation, bloating, lack of energy, and diarrhea.
Gallbladder disease describes various issues and diseases that negatively impact the gallbladder. They include gallstones, cholecystitis, and more.
Gastritis describes inflammation, irritation, and withering away of the stomach lining. It can lead to ulcers and an increased risk of stomach cancer.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is characterized by persistent acid reflux. Acid reflux happens when stomach acid travels back into the esophagus.
Helicobacter pylori is a type of bacteria in the stomach that negatively impacts your digestive system. It can lead to stomach ulcers and cancer.
Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins around the lower rectum or anus that can be internal or external. They cause extreme discomfort and irritation.
Hepatitis is a type of viral infection that causes liver swelling and inflammation. The virus is split into subtypes A, B, and C.
A hiatal hernia occurs when the top section of the stomach presses up into the hiatus (tiny opening in the diaphragm) and into the chest.
Ileitis is a GI problem that causes irritation and inflammation of the ileum. The part of the small intestine that joins the large intestine.
Impacted bowel (fecal impaction) describes the inability to pass stool or let out gas. It can cause abdominal pain and stomach bloating.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by inflammation in the GI tract. The most common forms are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder that causes irritation in the GI tract. Symptoms include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, and gas.
Jaundice is when the whites of the eyes and the skin turn a yellow hue. It's a result of liver issues, gallstones, bladder inflammation, and more.
Lactose intolerance refers to the inability to break down lactose. When ingested, it causes symptoms like diarrhea, gas, and bloating.
Liver cirrhosis causes the liver to become inflamed and scarred. As scar tissue develops, the essential function of the liver begins to diminish.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis describes a buildup of fat and inflammation of the liver. It can harm liver function when left untreated.
Pancreatitis describes the inflammation of the pancreas. It prevents digestive enzymes and hormones from releasing, disturbing the GI tract.
Peptic ulcers are open sores or ulcerations in the stomach or upper small intestine. The ulcers cause pain, discomfort, and bleeding.
Primary Biliary Cholangitis
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic, rare autoimmune condition impacting the liver ducts. It gradually harms the bile ducts over time.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a liver condition causing irritation, scarring, narrowing, and damage to the liver ducts.
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease affecting your large intestine that causes irritation, inflammation, and ulcerations.